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서울행정법원 2016.06.10 2016구단6408

1. The plaintiff's claim is dismissed.

2. The costs of lawsuit shall be borne by the Plaintiff.


1. Details of the disposition;

A. The plaintiff is well-known.

On July 4, 2015, as a national woman, entered the Republic of Korea with a short-term visit (C-3) sojourn status on a short-term basis, and applied for refugee status to the defendant on July 17, 2015.

B. On August 4, 2015, the Defendant rendered a decision on the recognition of refugee status (hereinafter the instant disposition) on the ground that the Plaintiff’s assertion does not constitute a case of “a well-founded fear that would be subject to persecution” as a requirement of refugee under Article 1 of the Convention on the Status of Refugees and Article 1 of the Protocol on the Status of Refugees.

[Reasons for Recognition] Facts without dispute, Gap 1, 2, Eul 1, 2, the purport of the whole pleadings

2. Whether the instant disposition is lawful

A. The Plaintiff’s assertion is under threat of murder and rape from village satisfaction and a sewerage, on the ground that the Plaintiff is not subject to precedent.

Therefore, the defendant's disposition of this case that did not recognize the plaintiff as a refugee despite high possibility that the plaintiff would be subject to gambling when he returns to his country is illegal.

(b) The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows:

1. The term "refugee" means a foreigner who is unable or does not want to be protected from the country of his/her nationality due to well-founded fear that he/she may be injured on the grounds of race, religion, nationality, status as a member of a specific social group, or political opinion, or a stateless foreigner who, owing to such fear, is unable or does not want to return to the country in which he/she resided before entering the Republic of Korea (hereinafter referred to as "state of his/her nationality");

C. “persecution” which is a requirement for recognition of refugee status 1 refers to “an act causing serious infringement or discrimination against essential human dignity, including threats to life, body, or freedom,” and an application for recognition of refugee status is filed with the following purport: (a) there is a “comfortable fear” subject to such persecution.